The Bengali Hindu community observes thirteen Parbans throughout a span of twelve months. However, the flavour of Durga Puja is distinctly unique. In Bengali culture, the goddess is variably referred to as Durgtinashini or as a maternal deity. The mood in Germany is perceptible.
The inception of Durga Puja may be traced back to 1580 AD, when it commenced in the region of undivided Bengal. According to historical accounts, during that period, King Kangs Narayan of the Tahirpur region in Bagmara Thana, located in the Rajshahi district, is said to have initiated the observance of the fall of Durga Puja. King Jagatnarayan of Bhaduriya engaged in the practice of Matri Puja to catch a glimpse of the divine feminine. Subsequently, the celebration of Durga Puja has been progressively disseminated throughout the region of Bengal, predominantly among the Bengali populace. In the present context, it is observed that the royal deity Durga has transcended the boundaries of caste and is actively engaged in the perpetual eradication of discrimination. As a celebration of communal delight, Durga Puja recurs annually as a festive occasion.
The lunar fortnight known as Shukla Paksha in the Hindu calendar month of Ashwin is commonly referred to as Devi Paksha. The period spanning from Navami Tithi of Krishna Paksha to Pratipada Shashti of Shulak Paksha, encompassing Saptami, Ashtami, Navami, and culminating in Vijaya Dasami, holds significant cultural and emotional significance for individuals of Bengali descent.
The largest festival in Germany is held in Cologne, near Bonn. Currently, the process of arranging is underway. In contrast to the annual emergence of new idols in Bangladesh or West Bengal, such a phenomenon has yet to be observed in this region. The Cologne Puja Committee Bharat Samiti is recognised as a prominent entity.
Durga Puja is observed in various countries across the globe, similar to the statement above. Among the countries mentioned, most Asian nations are included, such as the United States, Canada, Australia, England, and Russia.
In addition to individuals residing in surrounding small towns, a considerable number of individuals from beyond the borders of such countries also observe the puja. Individuals congregate at the specified location during the night to engage in religious rituals and observances over many days.
According to mythology, Goddess Durga manifested herself to free the devas who were under Mahishasura’s oppressive rule. He established his auspicious power by defeating the asura, or evil force. Goddess Durga holds excellent significance to Bengalis as she symbolises both auspiciousness and inauspiciousness. She profoundly impacts human consciousness and serves as a catalyst for spiritual growth. Hindus and Muslims, like Shamsul Majid Chowdhury Saki, participated in this puja in Germany. He said, “Most of my friends are the ones who organise the puja here.” The festival is a beautiful celebration of Bengali culture that brings people from all backgrounds together to participate and enjoy, regardless of their religion or caste.
It is clear that both the domestic and international Hindu communities are celebrating by exchanging new garments and presents and participating in various forms of performing arts. A diverse range of individuals, including adolescents, young adults, people from different socioeconomic backgrounds, individuals who practice Hinduism, and those who do not, comprise a significant portion of the population. Bengali tunes are frequently featured in Bollywood films. Various cuisines are prepared in association with the goddess, including coconut nadu, lunch, and pies. Members of the puja committee often prepare these dishes. The Durgo holiday is celebrated traditionally and family-orientedly in various countries.