By: DR. AZIZUR RAHMAN
A person faces many types of diseases throughout his life. Some of these diseases are very common and improve within two to four days. Again there are some diseases whose involvement is life and even death. One such very dangerous and deadly disease is Hepatitis B. Considering the severity of this disease, in today’s article, we will discuss with you in detail what hepatitis B is and its symptoms, causes and treatment.
What is Hepatitis B?
Hepatitis B is an infectious disease caused by the hepatitis B virus. This disease can occur in people of any age. However, the risk of developing this disease in children is considered very high. This disease mainly affects the patient’s liver. The infection causes liver inflammation, which can lead to other physical complications over time. Also, in some severe cases, it can lead to serious liver damage or problems like liver cirrhosis (complete liver failure). Although this condition is not common, in some extreme cases, this infection can even lead to the patient’s death.
Hepatitis B causes and risk factors.
As mentioned above, hepatitis B infection is caused by hepatitis B virus. A healthy person can be affected by this hepatitis B infection. The reasons for this are given below –
Using an infected needle.
It can be caused by contact with bodily fluids, such as the blood or saliva of an infected person.
The virus can also enter the body through contact with blood during nose or ear piercing.
This virus can enter the body and cause infection while taking drugs.
Having unprotected sex with an infected person.
If you receive the blood of an infected person.
Those who have undergone dialysis for a long time.
Tattooing with unsafe or infected needles.
Sharing personal items such as toothbrushes or razors with an infected person.
It can spread from an infected pregnant mother to her baby.
Symptoms of Hepatitis B – Symptoms of Hepatitis B
In the initial stage, the symptoms of hepatitis B are not seen. But in some situations, you may see the following symptoms –
Feeling weak for days or weeks.
Being sick sometimes
Loss of appetite or lack of appetite
Joint and muscle pain problems.
Nausea and vomiting problems.
After knowing the symptoms of hepatitis B, let us know about some home remedies for this problem.
Treatment of Hepatitis B
When it comes to hepatitis B treatment, in general, both acute and chronic hepatitis B do not require any type of prescribed treatment. The main thing is to just rest and drink plenty of water. Also, doctors recommend drinking more water and eating healthy food during this time. However, it is necessary to monitor the level of virus activity in the infected person and its effect on other organs through blood tests. Again, through this test, it is known whether the person is suffering from chronic hepatitis B or not and how much the virus has affected the body. However, doctors often recommend taking antiviral drugs to prevent it.
Now let’s see under which conditions doctors advise the patient to take medicine:
When the infection spreads severely to the liver.
If you have had any kind of liver-related problem for a long time.
When the level of hepatitis B virus in the blood becomes too high.
If the woman is pregnant.
After knowing about the treatment of hepatitis B, we will now talk about some important things about its prevention.
Hepatitis B Prevention Tips
To prevent hepatitis B infection, it is very important to remember the following –
Give the hepatitis B virus vaccine in three doses immediately after birth and then between 6 months and 18 months.
Children younger than 19 without hepatitis B can also receive the vaccine to protect against hepatitis B.
If a pregnant woman has a problem with hepatitis B, the baby should receive a specific type of vaccine within 12 hours of birth.
Immune globulin vaccine, given within 24 hours of hepatitis B infection, prevents the progression of infection.
If you consume alcohol regularly, stop it as soon as possible.
Use a condom during sex.
Eat more salad and fruits and also try to eat less oil and fatty foods.
Avoid eating mutton. Eliminate raw salt from the diet.
Walk for at least 40 minutes every day.
Make it a habit to exercise regularly.
Eat two meals of roti and one meal of rice a day.
Get tested and get the hepatitis-B vaccine as soon as possible. It gets rid of the disease very quickly.
Now you surely understand what hepatitis B is and how serious it can become if you don’t take timely precautions. Also, know about the complications to be faced due to this virus infection. However, being aware of the symptoms and risk factors of hepatitis can prevent the disease from occurring or progressing in time. Complete treatment of any problem is possible only on the advice of a doctor. In such a situation, definitely contact your nearest doctor or hospital and take the treatment as per the doctor’s advice.